AC How does it work and who invented it
Heating & Cooling Air Quality

Air Conditioning: How Does It Work And Who Invented It Anyway?

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Most people think that air conditioning simply blows cool air into a room. However, there is a bit more to it than that.

The Exchange Of Heat

To understand how air conditioning works, it is important to first understand the basics of thermodynamics.  Thermodynamics is the study of heat and energy transfer. In order to transfer heat from one place to another, there must be a temperature difference between the two places. Air conditioning works by using this principle to transfer heat from the inside of a building to the outside. Air conditioners have two main parts: the condenser and the evaporator. The condenser is located outside of the building, while the evaporator is located inside.

The Condenser

The condenser is outside the building.  It contains a substance called a refrigerant. The refrigerant is a substance that absorbs heat. When the refrigerant absorbs heat, it changes from a gas to a liquid.


AC Condenser
An Example Of An Outside AC unit

The Evaporator

The evaporator is inside the Building.  It contains a substance called an absorbent. The absorbent is a substance that releases heat. When the absorbent releases heat, it changes from a liquid to a gas.


AC Evaporator
An Example Of The Evaporator

The refrigerant and the absorbent are kept in separate chambers within the air conditioner. These chambers are connected by a series of pipes. The air conditioner works by circulating the refrigerant through these chambers and pipes.

In summer, as the refrigerant circulates, it alternately absorbs and then releases heat from inside the house to the outside. This transfer of heat causes the air (inside) around the evaporator to become cooler, while the air around the condenser (outside) becomes warmer.

So, the cooled air is circulated back into the building, while the warmer air is released outside. This process continues until the desired temperature is reached.

In cold weather, the condenser and evaporator work together to warm the house.

air conditioning system diagram

Where Does Air Conditioning Air Come From? Does AC Take Air From Outside?

Yes, in a typical air-conditioned home, the air is cooled by an outdoor unit and then circulated through an indoor unit consisting of a blower, evaporator, and condenser.

In the warmer months. this process removes heat from the indoor air and transfers it to the outdoors, resulting in cooler, more comfortable indoor temperatures. In the cooler months, the opposite happens.


air conditioning cycle diagram - outside compresser

Types Of Air Conditioners

There are two types of air conditioners: evaporative and absorption. Evaporative air conditioners use the principle of evaporation to cool the air. Absorption air conditioners use the principle of absorption to cool the air.

Evaporative air conditioners are more common in dry climates, while absorption air conditioners are more common in humid climates.

How An Evaporative Air Conditioner Works

An evaporative air conditioner (EAC) is a device that cools air through the evaporation of water. EACs are also called swamp coolers, desert coolers, or wet air coolers.

Swamp coolers work by pulling in hot, dry air and passing it over a wet pad. As the air passes over the wet pad, water evaporates into the air, cooling it in the process. The cooled air is then blown into the room, lowering the temperature.

Swamp coolers are most effective in dry climates with low humidity levels. They are much less effective in humid climates because humid air contains more water vapor, which can inhibit evaporation. Swamp coolers also require a constant supply of water to work properly.

If you live in a dry climate and are looking for an energy-efficient way to cool your home, an evaporative air conditioner may be a good option for you.

How An Absorption Air Conditioner Works

An absorption air conditioner uses a process of heat and cold to remove heat from the air. The process begins with a refrigerant, which is a substance that evaporates at a low temperature. The refrigerant is placed in the evaporator, where it absorbs heat from the air. The refrigerant then passes through the compressor, where it is cooled and compressed. The compressed refrigerant then passes through the condenser, where it releases the heat it has absorbed. The refrigerant then returns to the evaporator to start the process again.

There are two types of absorption air conditioners: those that use a gas as the refrigerant, and those that use a liquid. Gas-fired absorption air conditioners are more efficient than their liquid-fired counterparts, but they are also more expensive. Liquid-fired absorption air conditioners are less expensive, but they are not as efficient.

Absorption air conditioners are used in both residential and commercial applications. They are most commonly used in homes, though they can be found in businesses as well. Absorption air conditioners are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, as they offer a more efficient alternative to traditional air conditioners.

No matter what type of air conditioner you have, the basic principle is the same. By circulating a refrigerant through a series of chambers and pipes, the air conditioner is able to transfer heat from the inside of a building to the outside. This transfer of heat causes the air inside the building to become cooler, creating a comfortable environment for occupants.

Air Conditioning Where We Need It

Thank goodness, we have access to AC in most places that we hang out.

How Does Air Conditioning Work In A House?

Air conditioning is a process of reducing the temperature of a space by removing heat from the air and circulating cooled air throughout the space. In order to do this, an air conditioner uses refrigerant, which absorbs heat from the air and then releases it outside. The refrigerant is circulated through a closed loop system, which consists of an evaporator, condenser, and compressor.

The evaporator is located inside the home and is responsible for absorbing heat from the air. The condenser is located outside the home and releases the heat that has been absorbed by the refrigerant. The compressor circulates the refrigerant between the evaporator and condenser.

There are two types of air conditioners: central air conditioners and window air conditioners. Central air conditioners are more common in homes, while window air conditioners are more common in apartments or small spaces.

To cool a space using a central air conditioner, the refrigerant is first circulated through the evaporator. The evaporator contains a cooling coil, which removes heat from the refrigerant and cools the air. The cooled air is then circulated through the home using a system of ducts.

Window air conditioners work similarly to central air conditioners, but they do not use a system of ducts. Instead, the cooled air is released into the room directly from the unit.

Both types of air conditioners require regular maintenance in order to function properly. This includes cleaning the filters and coils, as well as checking the refrigerant levels. Air conditioners should also be inspected annually by a professional to ensure that they are in good working condition.

How Air Conditioning Works In A Car

Air conditioning is a process whereby heat is removed from an enclosed space, such as a car, through the use of a refrigerant. The refrigerant evaporates at a low temperature, absorbing heat from the air in the process. This cooled air is then circulated back into the car to provide a comfortable environment for the passengers.

The main components of an air conditioning system include the compressor, condenser, evaporator, and expansion valve. The compressor is responsible for pressurizing the refrigerant so that it can be circulated through the system. The condenser helps to cool the hot refrigerant gas before it enters the evaporator. The expansion valve regulates the flow of refrigerant into the evaporator, where it evaporates and absorbs heat from the air.

Air conditioning systems need to be regularly serviced in order to ensure that they are working properly. This includes checking the levels of refrigerant and lubricant, as well as cleaning the filters. If you notice that your air conditioning system is not working as well as it used to, it is important to take it to a mechanic for a check-up.

How Air Conditioning Works In Aircraft

As you may know, aircraft have to fly at high altitudes in order to stay above the clouds. This means that the air pressure inside the cabin is much lower than the pressure outside. In order to keep the cabin air comfortable for passengers and crew, aircraft are equipped with air conditioning systems.

These systems work by circulating cooled and pressurized air throughout the cabin. The air is first cooled by a refrigeration unit, then it is pressurized by a compressor. The pressurized air is then distributed through a series of ducts and vents.

The air conditioning system also helps to remove moisture from the air, which can make the cabin feel more comfortable. It does this by passing the air through a dehumidifier.

The air conditioning system is one of the most important systems on an aircraft, and it is necessary for the safety and comfort of all passengers and crew.

How To Ensure Efficient Air Conditioning

In order for an air conditioner to work properly, it needs to be able to circulate the air properly. This means that there needs to be enough airflow in the room or space that it is cooling. If there is not enough airflow, the air conditioner will not be able to properly cool the room or space.

To ensure that there is enough airflow, it is important to keep the air conditioner clean. This means that the filter should be changed regularly and that the vents should be cleaned.

Another factor that can impact the efficiency of an air conditioner is the size of the space that it is cooling. If the space is too small, the air conditioner will not be able to circulate the air properly and will not be able to cool the space effectively.

When choosing an air conditioner, it is important to consider the size of the space that it will be cooling. It is also important to make sure that the air conditioner is rated for the specific climate in which it will be used.

Air conditioners are available in a variety of sizes and styles. The most common type of air conditioner is the window unit. Window units are designed to be installed in a window and use the air from outside to cool the inside of the home or office.

Another type of air conditioner is the portable air conditioner. Portable air conditioners are self-contained units that can be moved from one location to another. They are ideal for use in offices or homes where space is limited.

Who First Invented Air Conditioning Anyway?

The first air conditioner was invented in the early 1800s by American physician John Gorrie. His goal was to create a machine that could cool air for his patients, who were suffering from heat-related illnesses. Gorrie’s design used a fan to draw warm air over a set of metal pipes containing cold water. The cooled air was then blown into the room.

While Gorrie’s invention did not catch on immediately, it paved the way for future air conditioning units. In 1902, American engineer Willis Carrier designed the first modern air conditioner. Carrier’s unit used a refrigeration system to cool and circulate air, and it quickly became popular in both commercial and residential settings.

Today, air conditioning is an essential part of life in many parts of the world. It is used to cool homes and businesses, and it also helps to keep people comfortable in hot weather. Air conditioning units come in a variety of sizes and designs, and they are constantly evolving to become more efficient and affordable.

Why Was Air Conditioning Invented?

The first air conditioner was manufactured in 1902 by Willis Carrier. Carrier designed his system to help solve a problem for a printing company in Brooklyn, New York. The company was having difficulty keeping their paper from warping in the high humidity summer months. carrier’s invention controlled both the temperature and humidity in the factory, allowing the company to produce consistent results year-round.

While initially designed for industrial use, it wasn’t long before air conditioning began to be used in homes and businesses. In the 1930s, residential air conditioning units became available. By the 1950s, air conditioning was commonplace in homes and offices across the United States.

In Which Country Was Air Conditioning Invented?

Air conditioning was first manufactured in the United States by Willis Carrier in 1902. Carrier’s invention was motivated by a desire to improve the comfort of factory workers during the hot summer months.

His invention soon found its way into homes and offices, where it has remained a staple ever since. Air conditioning has had a profound impact on the way we live and work, making life in hot climates much more bearable. It has also been responsible for a significant increase in energy consumption, as cooling our homes and businesses requires a lot of electricity.

When Was Air Conditioning Invented For Homes?

Air conditioning was first used in homes in the early 1900s. It was not widely used, however, until the 1950s. Air conditioning became more common in the 1960s and 1970s as more people could afford it. Today, air conditioning is a necessity for many people during the hot summer months.

While air conditioning has become more affordable over time, it still requires a significant investment. Homeowners must factor in the cost of installation, electricity usage, and repairs when considering whether or not to purchase an air conditioner. However, there are several advantages of air conditioning that make it worth the investment for many people. In addition to cooling the home, air conditioners can also improve air quality by filtering out dust and other particles from the air. Air conditioners also help to reduce humidity levels, which can be beneficial for people with allergies or respiratory conditions.

When Was Air Conditioning Invented For Cars?

The first air conditioning system for cars was invented in 1933 by Chrysler. It wasn’t until the 1950s that air conditioning became a common feature in automobiles. Today, almost all cars come equipped with some form of air conditioning. Air conditioning is a necessity for many people, especially in hot climates. It helps keep drivers cool and comfortable while driving. Air conditioning also helps to reduce fogging on windshields.

Is Air Conditioning Worth It?

Air conditioning is a technology that helps regulate the temperature and humidity of indoor spaces. Its benefits include improved comfort, better air quality, ease of use, and reduced energy consumption. In addition, air conditioning can help prevent health problems such as heat stroke and respiratory infections.

So, even though it costs money, and sometimes a lot of money, a lot of people consider AC to be an absolute necessity.


Air conditioning is a process of manipulating the air in an enclosed space to achieve desired temperatures, humidity, and other atmospheric conditions. The technology has been used for centuries to improve comfort levels in homes and businesses, but its use has become increasingly widespread in recent years as the world becomes increasingly reliant on technology.

Modern air conditioning systems are much more energy-efficient than their predecessors and can be controlled remotely, making them ideal for use in both residential and commercial settings.

Air conditioning is no longer a luxury; it is a necessity for many people who live in hot, humid climates. Thanks to advances in technology, air conditioning is now more affordable and accessible than ever before.

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